Top ten hardest woods in the world


Wood hardness is rated on the Janka scale. The Janka hardness test measures the resistance of a type of wood to withstand denting and wear. It measures the force required to embed an 11.28 mm (0.444 in) steel ball into wood to half the ball's diameter. This method leaves an indentation. A common use of Janka hardness ratings is to determine whether a species is suitable for use as flooring. Lignum vitae, at 4500 Janka, is the hardest wood there is. Let's see the top ten hardest woods in the world

Lignum vitae
#1 - Lignum vitae (4500)

Lignum vitae is a trade wood, known in Europe as pockenholz. This wood was once very important for applications requiring a material with its extraordinary combination of strength, toughness and density. Lignum vitae is hard and durable, and is also the densest wood traded; it will easily sink in water.

Angico, Kurupayra
#2 - Angico, Kurupayra (3840)

Kurupayra, coming from the same family as Pepperwood, is incredibly durable with one of the highest Janka hardness ratings of 3,840. The vibrant wood features a reddish brown heartwood with yellow tones. The warming fusion of the red-browns and yellow creates a cozy feeling in any room and goes particularly well with white decor.

#3 - Ipê (3684)

Ipe is an incredibly durable wood. Its dense cell structure serves as a natural deterrent to insects, decay, and molds. Because of this natural resilience Ipe is often the first choice for decking because of its almost unparalleled ability to stand up to the elements. More than just durable, Ipe is also very pleasing to the eye. Its heartwood is light to dark olive brown with contrasting yellowish-grey or grey brown tones accompanying it. With a Class A fire rating, Ipe occupies the same class of fire-retardant materials as steel. For durability, safety, and beauty, Ipe makes an excellent choice.

#4 - Cumaru - Brazilian Teak (3540)

Brazilian Teak, called Cumaru in South America, is a wood whose natural tones vary from yellowish tan to more muted medium brown to darker sienna. Brazilian Teak is a dense and hardwood, and combined with its vibrant beauty, its strength and durability keep this wood among the top three choices in exotic hardwood flooring.

#5 - Ebony (3220)

Ebony is any very dense black wood. Ebony has a very high density and will sink in water. Its fine texture, and very smooth finish when polished, have made it very valuable as an ornamental wood. Ebony has a long history of use, with carved pieces having been found in Ancient Egyptian tombs.

Brazilian RedWood
#6 - Brazilian RedWood (3190)

Known for both its incredible durability as a hardwood and the elegant muted Cherry tones it offers aesthetically, Brazilian Redwood far surpasses domestic Redwood in beauty and reliability. Even when it has darkened with age, this wood, known in South America as Massaranduba, remains a bright feature in a room, making it an ideal choice for creating a room with an airy yet warm and inviting atmosphere.

#7 - Bamboo (3000)

Bamboo flooring is growing in popularity and is an attractive, cheaper, and more eco-friendly alternative to hardwood floors. Similar to hardwoods in look, strength and durability, it's also a renewable material. Actually a grass, bamboo can grow over 1 meter in 24 hours, and takes between three and five years to fully mature, as opposed to the decades that it takes traditional hardwoods to mature.

#8 - Bloodwood (2900)

Jatoba is a hardwood species known more commonly as Brazilian Cherry. Imported from Brazil, this South American wood encompasses a range of light and dark reddish brown shades that vary in color and streak. Brazilian Cherry is 228% harder than domestic red oak, making it a strong, durable wood and a reliable choice in flooring.

Rock Mahogany
#9 - Rock Mahogany (2697)

Thanks to its widespread use in Victorian furnishings, mahogany is invariably associated with elegance. A reddish-brown color and close grain pattern make this species an ideal choice for creating a rich, sophisticated environment.

Brazilian Cherry - Jatoba
#10 - Brazilian Cherry - Jatoba (2350)

A deep and dark red color with a very distinct grain, Bloodwood is one of the higher density woods from South America. Bloodwood has beautiful grain characteristics and colors ranging from medium red to almost purple.


specific scientific names?

The scientific explanations are totally wrong from the authors research except if I was getting into a intelligent and well-organized process of untrue information. But, I disagree from that point of view which put me into the position of a exploited individual because it seems absolutely pointless for someone to bring unvalid information to such a detailed topic since he is not gaining any profit or something he desires and I have done a lot of detailed research, real critical thinking and detailed scientific research to come to the rational conclusion that Allocasuarina luehmannii(Australian Buloke) is the strongest and hardest wood in the planet Earth according to Janka Hardness test. Well, I suggest you to prove it wrong, but of course you are completely uncapable of the challenge since I already outsmarted your fakery with all respects.

The number 1 hardest wood in the world is endemic to the territory of the Lumad Peoples belonging to the Mamanuwa peoples in Surigao in Mindanao, Philippines. They called the hardest wood as "Magkuno" or "Iron Wood". The steel chain of the chainsaw, handsaw cannot survive with rock-like grain of Magkuno. The several centuries old Catholic Church at Jabonga, Surigao del Norte made out of Magkuno stills stand today. In different part of Mindanao, Philippines you can find hard wood viz. Yakal, Kamagong(Balitungtung), Manili (Narra), Biyarong (Narra) and Kalipapa (Molave).

Jim Mansayagan

Australian Buloke beats Lignum Vitae in the Janka-test: 5060!

Topic starter has got it totally wrong.
Top ten on the Janka Scale:
1 - 5060 Buloke Australian
2 - 4800 Quebracho Colorado
3 - 4700 Quebracho Colorado
4 - 4630 Waddy Wood
5 - 4500 Belah
5 - 4500 Lignum Vitae
7 - 4450 Lignum Vitae Philippine
8 - 4430 Mgurure
9 - 4400 Bauhinia Red
10 - 4370 Tubi
24 - 4050 Blackwood African
46 - 3800 Snakewood {Piratinera guianensis}
This last one is still harder than nr 3 on his list, (Ipe)

So, get Your numbers right next time and do some more research.

Hello! I've been following your website for a while now and finally got the bravery to go ahead and give you a shout out from Houston Tx! Just wanted to say keep up the great job! suzann

Hmm, i'm not sure i agree with the list, surely Balau wood has to be in the top 10? From my understanding it is one of the strongest woods around and comparable to Ipe wood in terms of strength and toughness which is why it's often used in decking?

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